Monitoring snowpack helps our water managers and partners make management decisions to increase our resiliency.

In Utah, we get approximately 95% of our water from snowpack. Reservoir storage is dependent upon snowpack and runoff to get us through dry years. Extended drought has depleted our reservoirs, and it will take multiple years of above-average snowpack and precipitation to reverse drought impacts.

NRCS Snow Survey Program

The NRCS Snow Survey Program provides mountain snowpack data and streamflow forecasts for the western United States. Common applications of Snow Survey products include water supply management, flood control, drought and avalanche prediction, climate modeling, recreation and conservation planning.

Experts track snowpack using snow water equivalent (SWE), which estimates how much snow would be in the water if it melted. You can view annual snow water equivalent for Utah from 1981 to the present, as well as median, maximum and minimum values, on the NRCS site.

Spring 2023

Because of the high snowpack, we expect flooding. You can be prepared by paying attention to your local conditions, filling sandbags in your community and staying away from fast moving water. Learn more from the Utah Division of Emergency Management by visiting

Typically, Utah’s snowpack peaks around the first of April, with a 30-year median of 15.8 inches of water. This year, the peak was 30 inches. This breaks the previous record high, making this year Utah’s deepest snowpack on record.

Making the most of this snowpack

This year’s record-setting snowpack is providing some much-needed relief for Utah’s water supply. But since we don’t know when another wet year like this will come along, and most of the state remains in drought, we need to unite and focus on reducing water use so we have enough in the future. By continuing to conserve — and finding new ways to stretch the supply — we’ll become more drought resilient as a state.

Conservation Resources:

  • For farmers: Learn how you can get funds for using water more efficiently
  • For residents: Learn how to save more around the house
  • For municipalities: Learn how to integrate water considerations into land planning